Publications : 1997

Francisco JA, Schreiber GJ, Comereski CR, Mezza LW, Warner GL, Davidson TJ, Ledbetter JA, Siegall CB. 1997. In vivo efficacy and toxicity of a single-chain immunotoxin targeted to CD40. Blood 89:4493–4500.

Abstract

G28-5 sFv-PE40 is a single-chain immunotoxin targeted to CD40, which is highly expressed on human hematologic malignancies, including non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, B-lineage leukemias, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin’s disease, as well as certain carcinomas. In vitro analysis showed that this monovalent immunotoxin had a binding affinity of 3 nmol/L, within 15-fold of the bivalent parental monoclonal antibody. G28-5 sFv-PE40 was stable when incubated in mouse serum at 37°C for 6 hours and cleared from the circulation of mice with a half-life of 16.7 minutes. This immunotoxin was effective in treating human Burkitt’s lymphoma xenografted SCID mice with complete responses, defined by an asymptomatic phenotype for greater than 120 days, obtained at doses of 0.13 to 0.26 mg/kg. The efficacy of treatment was dependent on the schedule used, with every three days for five injections being the most effective tested. The toxicity of G28-5 sFv-PE40 was examined in SCID mice, rats, and monkeys, with the maximum tolerated dose being 0.48, 1.0, and 1.67 mg/kg, respectively. Comparative immunohistology showed that the G28-5 specificity was qualitatively similar between human and monkey tissue. In summary, G28-5 sFv-PE40 was effective at inducing complete antitumor responses in lymphoma xenografted mice at doses that were well tolerated in mice, rats, and monkeys.