Kim SY, Yim HK, Yoon MY, Kim SK, Lee JY, Oh SJ, Kim HS, Kang SA, Kim YC. 1998. Subchronic toxicity of a combined preparation of ticlopidine and Ginkgo biloba extract orally administered to rats for 30 days. J Toxicol Public Health 14(4):547–555.
The subchronic toxicity of a combined preparation of ticlopidine and ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) mixed in a ratio of 10: 4 was examined in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with the test substance at a dose of 52 mg/kg, 156 mg/kg, or 467 mg/kg intragastrically for 30 consecutive days. Control rats were treated with vehicle only. Each group consisted of 10 rats. No death or abnormal clinical signs were observed throughout the administration period. A transient decrease in body weight gain and food intake was observed in the rats treated with the high dose (467 mg/kg), which was recovered to normal in a week. There were no drug-related differences in urinalysis and hematological results. A significant increase in serum total cholesterol and total protein was observed in both sexes of the rats treated with a dose of 467 mg/kg daily, but all the other values obtained in serum chemistry appeared to be within normal range. A dose dependent increase in liver weight was observed in both male and female rats. Relative kidney weight was also increased in the high dose groups. There was no gross pathological finding at terminal sacrifice. Microscopic histopathological examination did not show any lesion in terms of correlation with administration of the test substance. The results suggest that under the conditions employed in this study no observable effect level (NOEL) of the test substance be 52 mg/kg/day.