Choksi NY, Hussain A, Booth RG. 1996. 2-Phenylaminoadenosine stimulates adenylyl cyclase activity and dopamine biosynthesis through an A2 receptor mediated mechanism. Brain Res 761:151–155, DOI: 10.1016/s0006-8993(97)00445-9.
The adenosine agonist 2-phenylaminoadenosine (PAD) stimulated tyrosine hydroxylase activity in rat striatum in vitro. This effect was selectively blocked by the A2 antagonist 8-chlorostyrylcaffeine (CSC), suggesting an A2 receptor-mediated mechanism. PAD also produced a corresponding increase in striatal adenylyl cyclase activity. Using an in vivo model that measures presynaptic effects of drugs at dopamine nerve terminals, intracerebroventricular administration of PAD to rats stimulated tyrosine hydroxylase activity in striatum in a manner that was selectively blocked by CSC. These results suggest that PAD stimulates adenylyl cyclase and tyrosine hydroxylase activity, with a corresponding increase in dopamine synthesis, by activation of presynaptic A2-type receptors in mammalian forebrain.